Chequer: Chess; or perhaps the chessboard.
-Herbert Coleridge's Dictionary of the Oldest Words in the English Language, 1863
So I'm thinking that this is where we get our checkerboard from and checkers!
Some chess history:
Today is the birthday of Francois Philidor (1726-1795). He was a French chessmaster known for his astounding feat of playing three challengers while simultaneously blindfolded!
Chess was first played in the 1400s, although a few of the names and movements have changed over time. Such as, the king or rex, originally had a "trailing minister." This eventually evolved into the "dame" and finally the "queen." The bishop was once called the "fool." The pawn is derived from Latin pedo, a foot soldier, and is related to the Anglo-Saxon word peon as well as pioneer. The rook wasn't originally associated with the crow; it was derived from the Persian word rukh, a warrior. Another Persian word shag-mat was eventually changed to checkmate.
According to W.C. Hazlitt's Faiths and Folklore of the British Isles (1870): "Chessboards were made of wood, bone, or even ivory, the last being valued at three cows." The Catholic Church also condemned this wonderful game of chess for centuries and many chessboards were burned at the stake! Ok, maybe not the stake...